INTEGRITY MANAGEMENT, PEOPLE-ORIENTED
The efficacy and role of bee pollination
In what aspects is the role of bee pollination in modern agriculture?
I. Effect on plant lineage
Plants, especially flowering plants, form various adaptive responses to bees, in order to attract bees for pollinating them, complete fertilization, and achieve their own lineage (focused on the first section of Chapter II). It is conceivable that without the pollination of bees for plants, the plants cannot complete the fertilization, and the plants cannot achieve their successions from generation to generation.
II. Effects on increasing yield, quality and efficiency of fruit trees and crops
According to the experiments, with bees as a medium, the yield of various crops can increase by 23% to 100% compared with without bees as a medium.
III. Produce huge economic value of pollination, provide humans with direct and indirect available products, and provide food for them to survive
1. Economic value of pollination: Taking bee pollination as an example, the economic value of crop’s high yield obtained by bees’ pollination is hundreds of times higher than the benefits of bee products produced by bees.
2. The need to provide farm and pasture products for humankind: The population in the world has grown dramatically, and the output of various farm and pasture products needs to be continuously increased. Humans use pollinating insects to pollinate crops. On the one hand, people can obtain more products that can be directly used, such as fruits and cereals etc. On the other hand, people can use products that are continuously increasing, such as herbage, which can feed more livestock and poultry, to provide more products for growing population.
3. The need to provide bee products with affluent and comprehensive nutrients for humans: Bee products mainly include honey, royal jelly, bee pollen, beeswax, bee venom, propolis and bee larvae. Bee products have a wide range of uses and high economic value, with great demand at home and abroad. The use of bee pollen is described as follows.
The composition of bee pollen is rich and comprehensive, which not only contains general nutrients such as proteins, sugars and fats necessary for human body, but also contains bioactive substances such as enzymes, vitamins, trace elements, and flavonoids that have a special regulation effect on metabolism. Thus, it is called “concentrated nutrition bank”.
4. To provide food for bees to survive: Bees need plant pollen and nectar as food, so bees can survive and reproduce in the natural world. Therefore, bees spread pollen for plant during the process of collecting pollen and nectar, and the two adapt to each other under conditions of mutual benefit, which is a long-term process of natural selection and continuous co evolution.
IV. Effect on beautifying the environment and maintaining natural ecological balance
Pollinating insects, especially bees, play an important role in beautifying the environment and maintaining the natural ecological balance. As a result of insects’ pollinating plants, the probability of cross-pollination of plants is greatly increased, and the plants on the earth are diversified, which not only makes nature alive, but also maintains the ecological balance of nature.